Eucalyptus globulus Labill stands out as one of the hardwood species produced in Europe with prominent mechanical properties, which is undergoing a growing interest in extending added value. The development of engineered wood products with this species and its application in timber structures involving numerical finite element simulations requires knowledge of the mechanical properties for the different orthotropic material directions. The aim of the present study is to determine the main mechanical properties of E. globulus from small clear specimens, necessary for the development of finite element models. The work provides experimental results on the ultimate capacity and modulus of elasticity considering different stresses: tension parallel and perpendicular to the grain, compression parallel and perpendicular to the grain (in radial and tangential directions), shear and longitudinal static bending. The work is complemented with experimental data on timber-to-timber friction coefficients for 0°, 45°, and 90° orientation angles, which are useful in the modeling of traditional joints. Very high values of ultimate stress and modulus of elasticity for the different mechanical properties were obtained, highlighting the great potential of this species for structural applications.